Oedipus and the Sphinx is a painting by the French Neoclassical artist Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres. Originally a student work painted in , it was.and
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The tragic story of Oedipus, his murder of his father, marriage to his mother, and subsequent agony, has been popular in plays and literary works since classical times. Perhaps because of its complexity and incestuous theme, it was hardly painted before As most art prior to the nineteenth century was made for patrons, it is difficult to envisage any patron commissioning a painting, say, showing Oedipus marrying his mother, or putting his eyes out. It has led to some of the most psychologically insightful paintings too. Having been told by the oracle at Delphi that he would kill his father and marry his mother, Oedipus fled Corinth and travelled to the city of Thebes. On the way, he met Laius, with whom he quarreled, fought, and killed. Although he did not know it at the time, Laius was the father of Oedipus.
Connect with Facebook to start your own collections! Explore Object Creative Commons License Oedipus and the Sphinx Description Conservation Exhibitions Provenance Inscription Credit Description The Sphinx, a mythical creature-part lion, part woman-grimaces in horror as Oedipus solves her riddle: "What is that which has one voice and yet becomes four-footed, two-footed, and three-footed? Ingres, who frequently repeated the subjects of his paintings, first depicted this story at the beginning of his career and returned to it several times, making variations in the composition, such as reversing the direction in which the figures faced. Exhibitions French Master Paintings from Baltimore. Millet and Barbizon Art. Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore.
Originally a student work painted in , it was enlarged and completed in The painting depicts Oedipus explaining the riddle of the Sphinx. An oil painting on canvas, it measures x cm, and is in the Louvre , which acquired it in The painting was begun in Rome, where Ingres had arrived belatedly in after winning the Grand Prix de Rome in Working in a studio on the grounds of the Villa Medici , Ingres continued his studies and, as required of every winner of the Prix, he sent works at regular intervals to Paris so his progress could be judged. Afterwards, Ingres retained the Figure of Oedipus in his studio for years.
File:Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres - Oedipus and the Sphinx - Walters 379.jpg
Oedipus stands before the Sphinx, who challenges him to solve a riddle before he can enter the city of Thebes, just visible in the distance. The skull and bones at the bottom of the picture show the fate of those who have previously failed the test., Originally a student work painted in , it was enlarged and completed in
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