The Ku Klux Klan commonly called the KKK or the Klan, is an American white supremacist hate In Alabama, some young white urban activists joined the KKK to fight the old guard establishment. Hugo Black was a member before becoming.how how for does
It operated as a fraternity , with chapters established in parts of Canada throughout the s and early s. The first registered provincial chapter was registered in Toronto in by two Americans and a Torontonian. The organization was most successful in Saskatchewan , where it briefly influenced political activity and whose membership included a member of Parliament. The conclusion of the American Civil War in resulted in the termination of the secessionist movement of the Confederate States of America and the abolition of slavery , which was the underlying cause of the war. Presidents Abraham Lincoln — and Andrew Johnson — undertook a moderate approach to Reconstruction, but after the election resulted in the Radical Republicans controlling the policy of the 40th United States Congress , a harsher approach was adopted in which former Confederates were removed from power and freedmen were enfranchised. The presidential election victory by Ulysses S. Grant , who supported Radical Republicans, further entrenched this approach.
The titles and designations were first laid out in the original Klan's prescripts of and , then revamped with William J. Simmons ' Kloran of Subsequent Klans have made various modifications. The sources of the rituals, titles and even the name of the original KKK may be found in antebellum college fraternities and secret societies such as the Kuklos Adelphon. Walter L. Fleming stated in a footnote to Lester's text that the contemporary early twentieth century Southern college fraternity that most nearly mirrored the early Klan was Kuklos Adelphon and the institution of snipe hunting.
Its members waged an underground campaign of intimidation and violence directed at white and black Republican leaders. Though Congress passed legislation designed to curb Klan terrorism, the organization saw its primary goal—the reestablishment of white supremacy—fulfilled through Democratic victories in state legislatures across the South in the s. After a period of decline, white Protestant nativist groups revived the Klan in the early 20th century, burning crosses and staging rallies, parades and marches denouncing immigrants, Catholics, Jews, blacks and organized labor. The civil rights movement of the s also saw a surge of Ku Klux Klan activity, including bombings of black schools and churches and violence against black and white activists in the South. A group including many former Confederate veterans founded the first branch of the Ku Klux Klan as a social club in Pulaski, Tennessee , in The organization of the Ku Klux Klan coincided with the beginning of the second phase of post- Civil War Reconstruction , put into place by the more radical members of the Republican Party in Congress. From onward, African-American participation in public life in the South became one of the most radical aspects of Reconstruction, as blacks won election to southern state governments and even to the U.
The Ku Klux Klan is a hate group. Most of its hate has been towards African Americans , but it has also attacked Catholics , Jews and immigrants. It has sought to keep "white power", often through very violent acts such as killing people. The first Ku Klux Klan broke up and does not exist anymore. However, other groups with the same name and the same ideas have been created. It started as a social club for former Confederate soldiers.
Ku Klux Klan
Ku Klux Klan , either of two distinct U. - In the waning years of Reconstruction the Klan disbanded. Simmons made his living by selling memberships in fraternal organizations such as the Woodmen of the World, and looked to the Klan as a new source of membership sales.
Ku Klux Klan titles and vocabulary
In , a group of ten children and hundreds of spectators gathered for a mass baptism. This was no mere religious rite. As the children and their parents moved toward the clergyman, they were enveloped by 50 men in white robes. They were the children of the Ku Klux Klan , and their baptism included more than a promise to God. But to the KKK, it meant dedicating the children to a lifetime upholding segregation, bigotry, and the violent suppression of anyone who was not a white Protestant.
American Experience asked sociologist and Ku Klux Klan scholar David Cunningham to provide responses to the five questions he is most frequently asked about the Klan. The author of Klansville, U. David Cunningham. Credit: Rick Friedman. Before discussing the most pressing questions people tend to have about the KKK, let me add some background for basic context.
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