Were the first humans black

Rethinking our human origins in Africa

were the first humans black

Richard Dawkins: Who Was the First Human?

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All rights reserved. Morton lived in Philadelphia, and he collected skulls. He accepted skulls scavenged from battlefields and snatched from catacombs. With each skull Morton performed the same procedure: He stuffed it with pepper seeds—later he switched to lead shot—which he then decanted to ascertain the volume of the braincase. Morton believed that people could be divided into five races and that these represented separate acts of creation.

Homo sapiens have been on earth for , years — give or take a few ten-thousand-year stretches.
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Images showing the evolutionary changes of braincase shape from an elongated to a globular shape. The latter evolves within the Homo sapiens lineage. Image: Philipp Gunz. A new paper challenges the traditional idea that our species evolved from a single population in one region of Africa. Scientists are sure that Homo sapiens first evolved in Africa , and we know that every person alive today can trace their genetic ancestry to there. It has long been thought that we began in one single east or south African population, which eventually spread into Asia and Europe.

Human skin color ranges in variety from the darkest brown to the lightest hues. An individual's skin pigmentation is the result of genetics , being the product of both of the individual's biological parents ' genetic makeup, and exposure to sun. In evolution, skin pigmentation in human beings evolved by a process of natural selection primarily to regulate the amount of ultraviolet radiation penetrating the skin, controlling its biochemical effects. The actual skin color of different humans is affected by many substances, although the single most important substance is the pigment melanin. Melanin is produced within the skin in cells called melanocytes and it is the main determinant of the skin color of darker-skinned humans. The skin color of people with light skin is determined mainly by the bluish-white connective tissue under the dermis and by the hemoglobin circulating in the veins of the dermis.

Human skin color

Seven Million Years of Human Evolution

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